JAMB Syllabus for Geography 2021/2022 PDF Download: www.jamb.org.ng

JAMB Syllabus for Geography 2021 pdf download can be found here as provided by JAMB at www.jamb.org.ng 2021/2022 portal. JAMB is, here again, see the JAMB syllabus for Geography and all subjects as contained in the JAMB 2021 Brochure. Do not worry, your problem concerning the JAMB Geography syllabus is solved.

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JAMB Syllabus for Geography

If you want to score very high in JAMB, Make the Geography Syllabus and recommended textbooks your companion. Study for UTME with full Geography area of concentration available in the syllabus.

JAMB Geography Syllabus 2021

JAMB 2021 Syllabus for Geography is available here for your PDF Download as provided by JAMB on its official website at www.jamb.org.ng for all JAMB 2021/2022 Candidates who have purchased their JAMB Form and Make Registration.

Read this before you move on:

  • JAMB Syllabus for all Subjects

The Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB) has given out the JAMB syllabus for 2021 and you can download it here in its pdf form.

This post on JAMB Syllabus for Geography 2021 will list all the topics needed for Geography in its pdf form. This will help all the candidates to have a pre-knowledge of the area they should concentrate in order to ease their study time for JAMB 2021.

Need for JAMB 2021 Syllabus for Geography

Most candidates at times do not understand the benefit of having the JAMB 2021 Syllabus in their electronic devices. Here, we are going to list all the advanytages of knowing the Geography syllabus for JAMB 2021 obtainable at www.jamb.org.ng portal.

  • Having JAMB Syllabus for Geography 2021 will help you to prepare for JAMB 2021
  • JAMB 2021 Syllabus for Geography will enable you to pass JAMB 2021/2022 Successfully at one sitting.
  • Knowing the Geography syllabus for JAMB 2021 will ease your study because you will easily know the areas to concentrate.
  • JAMB Geography syllabus for 2021 is actually what every candidate needs in order to be successful and pass it only at first sitting.

www.jamb.org.ng for geography JAMB syllabus 2021

The official JAMB website to get the JAMB syllabus for all subject is www.jamb.org.ng. But we have made it very easy for you by extracting it and made it available for you in a PDF Download form.   So, all you have to do is to get a device that can access the below JAMB 2021 Geography syllabus given in a PDF Download form. Once you have successfully downloaded the syllabus for JAMB 2021, use it as your study guide and you will surely succeed.  

Download PDF of JAMb Syllabus for geography 2021

Just as I have said earlier, the Downloadable pdf form of JAMB 2021 Syllabus for Geography is given here. All you have to do is to click on the link below to download it for free.  

Link to JAMB 2021 Geography syllabusPDF

Summarized syllabus



  1. Maps
  2. Scale and measurement


Distances, areas reduction and enlargement, directions, bearings and gradients with reference to topographical maps.

  1. Map reading and interpretation;


Drawing of cross profiles, recognition of intervisibility, recognition and description of physical and human features and relationship as depicted on topographical maps..

  1. Interpretation of statistical data;


Maps and diagrams.

  1. Elementary Surveying;


chain and prismatic, open and close traverse, procedure, problems, advantages and disadvantages.

  1. Geographic Information System (GIS):



Components, techniques, data sources, applications

  2. The earth as a planet


The earth in the solar system, rotation and revolution;

The shape and size of the earth

Latitudes and distances, longitudes and time

  1. The Earth Crust


The structure of the earth (internal and external) Relationships among the four spheres.

Rocks: Types, characteristics, modes of formation and uses

Earth’s movement: Tectonic forces

Major Landforms: Mountains, Plateaux, Plains, Coastal landforms, karst topography and desert landforms

  1. Volcanism and Earthquakes


Landforms associated with volcanic activities

Landforms of Igneous Rocks

Origin and types of Volcanoes

Some volcanic eruptions and earthquakes

  1. Denudation processes in the tropics




Mass movement


  1. Water Bodies


Oceans and seas (world distribution, salinity and uses)

Ocean currents – types, distribution, causes and effects;

Lakes – types, distribution and uses.

Rivers: Action of running water.

Locate oceans and seas on the globe;

Examine the characteristics and uses of oceans and seas;

Classify the types of ocean currents;

Account for the distribution of ocean currents;

Evaluate the causes and effects of ocean currents;

Identify the types and location of lakes;

Indicate the characteristics and uses of lakes

Identify the landforms of the different stages of a river course.

  1. Weather and Climate


Concept of weather and climate

Elements of weather and climate

Factors controlling weather and climate (pressure, air mass, altitude, continentality and winds)

Classification of climate (Greek and Koppen).

Major climate types (Koppen), their characteristics and distribution.

Measuring and recording weather parameters and instruments used.

The basic science of climate change.

Define climate change

Understand the causes of climate change

Understand the effects and remedies of climate change.

  1. Vegetation


Factors controlling growth of plants

The concept of vegetation e.g. plant communities and succession

Major types of vegetation, their characteristics and distribution,

Impact of human activities on vegetation.

  1. Soils


Definition and properties

Factors and processes of formation

Soil profiles

Major tropical types, their characteristics, distribution and uses;

Impact of human activities on soils.

  1. Environmental Resources;


Types of resources (atmospheric, land, soil, Vegetation and minerals)

The concept of renewable and non- renewable resources;

Differentiate between the concepts of renewable and non-renewable resources

  1. Environmental interaction:


Land ecosystem

Environmental balance and human interaction

Establish the interrelationship within the ecosystem;

Interpret the concept of environmental balance;

Analyse the effects of human activities on land ecosystem.

  1. Environmental hazards:


Natural hazards (droughts, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, flooding)

Man-induced (soil erosion, deforestation, pollution, flooding and desertification)

Effects, prevention and control of hazards.

  1. Environmental Conservation


  1. Population



World population with particular reference to the Amazon Basin, N.E. U.S.A., India, Japan and the West Coast of Southern Africa.

Characteristics – birth and death rates, ages/sex structure.

Factors and patterns of population distribution;

Factors and problems of population growth.

  1. Settlement with particular reference to Western Europe, the USA, Middle East and West Africa:


Types and patterns: rural and urban, dispersed, nucleated and linear;

Rural settlement: classification, factors of growth and functions;

Urban settlement – classification, factors of growth and functions.

Problems of urban centres

Interrelationship between rural and urban settlements.

  1. Selected economic activities


Types of economic activities: primary, secondary, tertiary and quartnary;

Agriculture: types, system, factors and problems

Manufacturing industries, types, locational factors, distribution and socio- economic importance and problems of industrialization in tropical Africa.

Transportation and Communication types, roles in economic development and communication in tropical Africa.

World trade-factors and pattern of world trade, major commodities (origin, routes and destinations).

Tourism: definition, importance, location, problems and solutions..

  2. Broad outline of Nigeria


Location, position, size, political division (states) and peoples;

Physical settling: geology, relief, landform, climate and drainage, vegetation and soils;

Population: size, distribution, migration, (types, problems and effects);

Natural Resources: types (minerals, soils, Water, vegetation etc) distribution, uses and conservation.

  1. Economic and Human Geography:


Agricultural Systems: the major crops produced, problems of agricultural development in Nigeria.

Manufacturing Industries: factors of location, types of products, marketing and problems associated with manufacturing;

Transportation and Communication:modes of transportation and communication and their relative advantages and disadvantages;

Trade: Regional and International Trade, advantages and disadvantages;

Tourism: types, importance, problems and solutions.



Meaning and objectives

Member states

Advantages and benefits

Disadvantages, problems and solutions


How to Pass JAMB 2021


A lot of candidates you see failing out there also prepared for the examination. However, they have failed to prepare the right way or did not prepare enough. If you want to pass JAMB 2021 with ease, you must prepare with the right strategies that work!


If your goal is to score above 300 in JAMB 2020, set your target at above 350. Shoot for the moon and you might end up landing among the starts. If your goal is to score 300 and you set a target of 300,you will end up scoring less than 300.

Tell yourself, I want to score above 350 in JAMB, work towards scoring above 350 and you might end up with 320. Relatively high score, isn’t it? Yes, it is.

It works so well, I aimed up for 320+ last year but I end up having 303. Still great right? That’s the real talk man! So, stick your head up! Aim high!!!


Don’t just aim high without a direction. Map it out, start thinking how you can make it work out. Get textbooks, you can watch online tutorials if you can’t go for a UTME coaching. Get past questions, your persistence matters alot. Work that goal out! You can do it.


When JAMB 2020 registration commences, different pieces of information will start spreading around. You’ll start hearing this and that. There is nothing more confusing that listening to everything,yet you need valid information to pass JAMB 2021.


There is no alternative to reading if you really want to pass JAMB in 2021.

Not every student that failed UTME didn’t study for it. However, only those that study for JAMB effectively pass it.

How to Succeed in JAMB 2021

Hard work:

in life, hard work is a Pathway to success in other words, if you are lazy then you are a candidate of failure. The hard work here can never be what you can not do, definitely it just what is within your ability.

To avoid Failure in JAMB 2021, you need to study well. How do you study in JAMB? First of all, know your subjects combination in JAMB Examination, it is always four subjects in any program you choose.

Make sure you get JAMB syllabus, JAMB recommended textbooks in each of these subjects alongside with JAMB past questions, after this, just start on time to prepare.

Let me get you to understand one thing in JAMB Examination, they set questions in each of the subjects across Senior Secondary one (SS1) to Senior Secondary three (SS3). What do you understand from there?

It means you are writing Exam of three work of four subjects in just one day, you have a whole lot to prepare and this can not just be a week or two weeks work like some candidate would do, they do always wait till the Exam day is at the corner be the start preparation, this is not the way you should go, rather I advice you to start on time to prepare. It is not simple enough to do in order to avoid failure in JAMB Exam 2021?

Seek for information:

First of all, seek for adequate information about the forthcoming JAMB Examination. What do I mean by seeking adequate information about the coming Examination?

You need to do inquiry about the Examination whether there are any changes in the System for this year, for instance, check back years of existence of this Examination, you will notice upgrade from time to time( that is year to year).

There was a time a candidate would not need to go online for either to register or check his or her  result, but until recently, this has become the usual and the needful, with the world of development today who knows what may come up in your own time.

If you do not seek adequate information, how would you know and be informed?.

Furthermore, to Read and Pass JAMB 2021, Reading is another factor to pass this Jamb Examination 2021, it is not just to read, ask yourself how do I read to pass this coming Jamb Examination 2021?.

You notice some students do fell Examination not because they didn’t read but just that they didn’t do the needful or what is demanded of.

When you read, make sure you are  reading what is needed in the syllabus, from the necessary or from recommended material, do justice to all the subjects you will write in Examination, discover a particular time of yours which you read to understand because it different from individuals,

Make ude of Jamb pass questions, work on your speed and accuracy, also make sure you practice to the peak of your ability in which you cannot be confused or found wanting in the Examination hall. Do not read when you are hungry, make sure u feed well.

Due to changes in the  Examination body, you can notice that there is online Examination which is referred to as computer-based test (CBT), you would agree with me that not all students who have just finished Secondary can operate or handle computer which I call the simple use of a computer.

While hoping to write this coming Jamb Examination, you need to undergo computer training which will help you in the Examination. Get to know how the Examination time is calculated, just before the Examination.

Conclusively, I recommend Jamb classes preparation, a student who needs a high score success in the Jamb Examination 2021, must attend a standard Jamb preparatory classes, there, he/she will be taught the technics of passing Jamb Examination.

In your preparatory, you will discover other good students which will motivate you to read and prepare well, you also meet challenges and Solutions.

You also meet competition, that is someone you feel he is better than you in a particular subject from there you build your understanding from the fellow.

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