JAMB Syllabus for Geography 2024/2025 PDF Download: www.jamb.org.ng

JAMB Syllabus for Geography 2024/2025 pdf download for all interested candidates can be found here as provided by JAMB at www.jamb.org.ng 2024/2025 portal. JAMB is, here again, see the JAMB Geography syllabus and all subjects as contained in the JAMB 2024 Brochure. Do not worry, your problem concerning the JAMB Geography syllabus is solved.

JAMB Syllabus for Geography

Get JAMB Syllabus for human and regional Geography, Geography syllabus for JAMB 2024/2025, www.jamb.org.ng, JAMB Brochure 2024 pdf, JAMB Syllabus for all subjects, JAMB scheme of work, JAMB 2024 Syllabus for Geography pdf download.

If you want to score very high in JAMB, Make the Geography Syllabus and recommended textbooks your companion. Study for UTME with full Geography area of concentration available in the syllabus.

New JAMB Geography Syllabus 2024

JAMB 2024 Syllabus for Geography is available here for your PDF Download as provided by JAMB on its official website at www.jamb.org.ng for all JAMB 2024/2025 Candidates who have purchased their JAMB Form and Make Registration.

Read this before you move on:

The Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB) has given out the JAMB syllabus for 2024 and you can download it here in its pdf form.

This post on JAMB Syllabus for Geography 2024 will list all the topics needed for Geography in its pdf form. This will help all the candidates to have a pre-knowledge of the area they should concentrate in order to ease their study time for JAMB 2024.

Need for JAMB 2024 Syllabus for Geography

Most candidates at times do not understand the benefit of having the JAMB 2024 Syllabus in their electronic devices. Here, we are going to list all the advanytages of knowing the Geography syllabus for JAMB 2024 obtainable at www.jamb.org.ng portal.

  • Having JAMB Syllabus for Geography 2024 will help you to prepare for JAMB 2024
  • JAMB 2024 Syllabus for Geography will enable you to pass JAMB 2024/2025 Successfully at one sitting.
  • Knowing the Geography syllabus for JAMB 2024 will ease your study because you will easily know the areas to concentrate.
  • JAMB Geography syllabus for 2024 is actually what every candidate needs in order to be successful and pass it only at first sitting.

www.jamb.org.ng for geography JAMB syllabus 2024

The official JAMB website to get the JAMB syllabus for all subject is www.jamb.org.ng. But we have made it very easy for you by extracting it and made it available for you in a PDF Download form.  

So, all you have to do is to get a device that can access the below JAMB 2024 Geography syllabus given in a PDF Download form. Once you have successfully downloaded the syllabus for JAMB 2024, use it as your study guide and you will surely succeed.  

Download PDF of JAMB Syllabus for geography 2024

Just as I have said earlier, the Downloadable pdf form of JAMB 2024 Syllabus for Geography is given here. All you have to do is to click on the link below to download it for free.  

Link to JAMB 2024 Geography syllabusPDF

Summarized syllabus



  1. Maps
  2. Scale and measurement


Distances, areas reduction and enlargement, directions, bearings and gradients with reference to topographical maps.

  1. Map reading and interpretation;


Drawing of cross profiles, recognition of intervisibility, recognition and description of physical and human features and relationship as depicted on topographical maps..

  1. Interpretation of statistical data;


Maps and diagrams.

  1. Elementary Surveying;


chain and prismatic, open and close traverse, procedure, problems, advantages and disadvantages.

  1. Geographic Information System (GIS):



Components, techniques, data sources, applications

  2. The earth as a planet


The earth in the solar system, rotation and revolution;

The shape and size of the earth

Latitudes and distances, longitudes and time

  1. The Earth Crust


The structure of the earth (internal and external) Relationships among the four spheres.

Rocks: Types, characteristics, modes of formation and uses

Earth’s movement: Tectonic forces

Major Landforms: Mountains, Plateaux, Plains, Coastal landforms, karst topography and desert landforms

  1. Volcanism and Earthquakes


Landforms associated with volcanic activities

Landforms of Igneous Rocks

Origin and types of Volcanoes

Some volcanic eruptions and earthquakes

  1. Denudation processes in the tropics




Mass movement


  1. Water Bodies


Oceans and seas (world distribution, salinity and uses)

Ocean currents – types, distribution, causes and effects;

Lakes – types, distribution and uses.

Rivers: Action of running water.

Locate oceans and seas on the globe;

Examine the characteristics and uses of oceans and seas;

Classify the types of ocean currents;

Account for the distribution of ocean currents;

Evaluate the causes and effects of ocean currents;

Identify the types and location of lakes;

Indicate the characteristics and uses of lakes

Identify the landforms of the different stages of a river course.

  1. Weather and Climate


Concept of weather and climate

Elements of weather and climate

Factors controlling weather and climate (pressure, air mass, altitude, continentality and winds)

Classification of climate (Greek and Koppen).

Major climate types (Koppen), their characteristics and distribution.

Measuring and recording weather parameters and instruments used.

The basic science of climate change.

Define climate change

Understand the causes of climate change

Understand the effects and remedies of climate change.

  1. Vegetation


Factors controlling growth of plants

The concept of vegetation e.g. plant communities and succession

Major types of vegetation, their characteristics and distribution,

Impact of human activities on vegetation.

  1. Soils


Definition and properties

Factors and processes of formation

Soil profiles

Major tropical types, their characteristics, distribution and uses;

Impact of human activities on soils.

  1. Environmental Resources;


Types of resources (atmospheric, land, soil, Vegetation and minerals)

The concept of renewable and non- renewable resources;

Differentiate between the concepts of renewable and non-renewable resources

  1. Environmental interaction:


Land ecosystem

Environmental balance and human interaction

Establish the interrelationship within the ecosystem;

Interpret the concept of environmental balance;

Analyse the effects of human activities on land ecosystem.

  1. Environmental hazards:


Natural hazards (droughts, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, flooding)

Man-induced (soil erosion, deforestation, pollution, flooding and desertification)

Effects, prevention and control of hazards.

  1. Environmental Conservation


  1. Population



World population with particular reference to the Amazon Basin, N.E. U.S.A., India, Japan and the West Coast of Southern Africa.

Characteristics – birth and death rates, ages/sex structure.

Factors and patterns of population distribution;

Factors and problems of population growth.

  1. Settlement with particular reference to Western Europe, the USA, Middle East and West Africa:


Types and patterns: rural and urban, dispersed, nucleated and linear;

Rural settlement: classification, factors of growth and functions;

Urban settlement – classification, factors of growth and functions.

Problems of urban centres

Interrelationship between rural and urban settlements.

  1. Selected economic activities


Types of economic activities: primary, secondary, tertiary and quartnary;

Agriculture: types, system, factors and problems

Manufacturing industries, types, locational factors, distribution and socio- economic importance and problems of industrialization in tropical Africa.

Transportation and Communication types, roles in economic development and communication in tropical Africa.

World trade-factors and pattern of world trade, major commodities (origin, routes and destinations).

Tourism: definition, importance, location, problems and solutions..

  2. Broad outline of Nigeria


Location, position, size, political division (states) and peoples;

Physical settling: geology, relief, landform, climate and drainage, vegetation and soils;

Population: size, distribution, migration, (types, problems and effects);

Natural Resources: types (minerals, soils, Water, vegetation etc) distribution, uses and conservation.

  1. Economic and Human Geography:


Agricultural Systems: the major crops produced, problems of agricultural development in Nigeria.

Manufacturing Industries: factors of location, types of products, marketing and problems associated with manufacturing;

Transportation and Communication:modes of transportation and communication and their relative advantages and disadvantages;

Trade: Regional and International Trade, advantages and disadvantages;

Tourism: types, importance, problems and solutions.



Meaning and objectives

Member states

Advantages and benefits

Disadvantages, problems and solutions


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