Nigerian refineries 2022! Are you looking for Nigeria’s complete list of refineries? Do you want to discover which Nigerian refineries are the biggest? Do you want to know when Nigeria’s first refinery was established? If so, you should read this article.
Nigeria, Africa’s largest oil producer and the world’s thirteenth (13th) largest, has a number of refineries where impurities are removed from petroleum, purifying it, and converting it into useful products such as Premium Motor Spirit (PMS), also known as petrol, Automotive Gas Oil (AGO), also known as diesel, Dual Purpose Kerosene (DPK), also known as kerosene, and other useful petroleum and petrochemical products that can both
On this page, you will find the complete list of refineries in Nigeria, the number of modular refineries in Nigeria, the challenges faced by the country’s current refineries, the biggest refinery in Nigeria, and much more.
Table of Contents
Which refinery in Nigeria was the first?
Alesa Eleme at Port Harcourt, Nigeria’s first oil refinery, opened for business in late 1965 with a 38,000 barrel-per-day capacity, more than enough to satisfy local demand at the time.
How many modular refineries are there in Nigeria?
Only three modular refineries, located in the states of Rivers, Delta, and Imo, were finished in the Niger Delta as of 2020. The Executive Director of the Youths and Environmental Advocacy Center, Dumnamene Fyneface, claims that they are private modular refineries rather than the ones that the federal government had promised.
How many refineries are there in Nigeria?
Nigeria now has five refineries, four of which are controlled by the Nigerian government through the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), and one of which is owned and run by Niger Delta Petroleum Resources (NDPR).
Two of the refining facilities, KRPC and WRPC, have petrochemical complexes that use their refinery intermediates to manufacture petrochemical precursors, leaving only one fully-fledged petrochemical plant out of the picture. Do you want to know the largest refinery in Nigeria, and the challenges facing existing refineries, then this article is for you.
List of refineries in Nigeria 2022
The complete list of refineries in Nigeria as of 2022, along with their locations, is as follows:
Port Harcourt refinery
Port Harcourt, the state capital of Rivers State, is home to the Port Harcourt refinery. The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation subsidiary Port Harcourt Refining Company (PHRC) Limited runs this 210,000 barrels per day complicated conversion plant (NNPC). Two refineries that are part of the Port Harcourt Refining Company are located in Alesa-Eleme, Rivers State.
The new refinery, which has a capacity to process 150,000 barrels per day, was put into operation in 1989. The previous refinery, which was put into operation in 1965, has a refining capacity of 60,000 barrels per day. Bonny light crude oil is used at the Port Harcourt refinery to make liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), premium motor spirit (PMS), dual-purpose kerosene (DPK), automotive gas oil (AGO), low-pour fuel oil (LPFO), and high pour fuel oil (HPFO).
With a nameplate capacity of 100,000 barrels per stream day facility, the Warri refinery was built in 1978 and is situated in Ekpan, Wari, one of the biggest and most significant cities in Delta State. The refinery is run by the Warri Refining and Petrochemicals Company (WRPC) Limited, a subsidiary of the NNPC, and was debottlenecked to 125,000 barrels per stream day in 1987.
The Warri Refinery was built as a sophisticated conversion facility that can transform crude oils from EScravos and Ughelli into liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), premium motor spirit (PMS), dual-purpose kerosene (DPK), automotive gas oil (AGO), and fuel oil. This refinery comprises a series of petrochemical plants that convert the feedstock, which is high in propylene, into Polyproylene, carbon black, and decant oil (FCCU).
The Kaduna refinery is situated in Kaduna, Kaduna State’s capital city. It is operated by the Kaduna Refining and Petrochemicals Company (KRPC) Limited, another NNPC subsidiary, and has a nameplate refining capacity of 110,000 barrels per day. The fuels unit at this refinery was put into operation in 1983, and the 30,000 MT per year petrochemical facility followed in 1988.
Two distillation units at the refinery utilize Escravos and Ughelli crude oils for the manufacturing of fuels as well as imported heavy crude oil for the production of lubricant base oil, asphalt, and waxes. Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), premium motor spirit (PMS), household kerosene (HHK), aviation turbine kerosene (ATK), automotive gas oil (AGO), and fuel oil are just a few of the products that may be made from petroleum at the Kaduna refinery. Linear Alkyl Benzene is produced in the refinery’s petrochemical facility (LAB).
Niger Delta pertroleum resourses
One thousand barrels of crude oil are refined daily at the Niger Delta Petroleum Resources (NDPR) facility. It is located in Rivers State’s Ogbelle. Diesel is manufactured at this particular factory for internal use, and any extra is sold to the neighborhood. The facility obtains its crude oil from the flow station within its marginal field that is run by its upstream affiliate, the Niger Delta Exploration and Production (NDEP) Company.
Indorama Eleme petrochemicals company limited
Previously known as the Eleme Petrochemicals Company Limited, the Indorama Eleme Petrochemicals Company Limited (IEPL) (EPCL). It was purchased from the NNPC in 2006 by Indorama as the Core Investor under the privatization program.
This refinery, which is situated in Eleme, Rivers State, processes natural gas liquids (NGL) from the Nigerian Agip Oil Company (NAOC) and propylene-rich feed from the Port Harcourt refinery to produce a variety of polyethylene and polypropylene products, has butene-1 production capacity of 22,000 tonnes per annum (TPA), polyethylene production capacity of 270,000 TPA, and polypropylene production capacity of 80,000 TPA.
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Which Nigerian refinery is the largest?
Aliko Dangote is the owner of the Dangote Refinery, which is being built in Lekki, Nigeria. When finished, it will be the biggest single-train refinery in the world, able to process around 650,000 barrels of crude oil per day. More than 25 billion US dollars have been invested.
In Nigeria, where does crude oil come from?
The coastal Niger Delta Basin in the Niger Delta or the “South-south” area is the most producing part of the country, accounting for 78 of the 159 oil fields. The majority of Nigeria’s oil fields are tiny and dispersed, accounting for 62.1% of total Nigerian output in 1990.
Existing Refineries’ Challenges
The unfortunate condition of poor capacity utilization that emerged and continues to exist now is attributable to the following factors:
- Poor leadership.
- Since 2008, no substantial turnaround maintenance has been performed at any of these refineries. The most recent TAM in PHRC was performed in 2000. This should be weighed against the globally accepted best practice of refineries doing TAM every two to three years.
Pipelines carrying crude oil to refineries and products from them are frequently vandalized. This results in a large loss of money and exacerbates the problem of crude cost under-recovery.
- Even if the refineries could work continuously, the price of Premium Motor Spirit (PMS) is set by the government, resulting in a significant under-recovery of crude costs.
The deterioration of existing refineries’ performance
The decrease in local refinery performance began in the early 1990s when the military government ordered NNPC to liquidate its accounts in commercial banks and move them to the Central Bank. The NNPC lost its independence. Politicians’ involvement and instructions become increasingly prevalent. It could no longer guarantee timely refinery maintenance.
Most crucially, choices on when to do turnaround repair and which contractor to use were influenced by the government rather than the corporation’s expertise. As a result, things swiftly spiraled downward.
Profitability of refineries
Oil service companies profit when there is a significant demand for crude oil, which drives exploration and production. Refiners profit when there is a large demand for gasoline and value-added petroleum products, and they don’t mind if the price of crude falls.
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