WAEC Biology Questions and Answers 2024/2025 (Expo/Runs) Objectives/Essay PDF Download

WAEC Biology Questions and Answers 2024/2025 OBJ/Essay PDF. We have come to give out sure 2O22 Biology 2024 WAEC Questions and Answers for Theory and OBJ exams paper. Get the latest Likely OBJ & theory WAEC Biology Expo/runs here with Sample biology Past Questions and Answers for practice available for all interested candidates.

WAEC Biology Questions and Answers

In Addition to Objectives and Theory WAEC Questions and answers for Biology, this article brings sure Biology Answers tips in WAEC SSCE that will help you pass your exams well. There is always a secret to every success and here is the secret to your WAEC biology exam success. Candidates who wish to Score A1 in Biology when WAEC Result is out Should key into the guidelines here.

Many WAEC Science Candidates Normally find Biology to be bulky and difficult, this page is out to show you how to answer WAEC Biology Questions papers 1 and 2 (OBJ & Theory) to meet the Standard of the Current SSCE Biology Marking Scheme. The solutions to WAEC Questions and Answers on Biology.

WAEC Biology 2024 Objectives Questions and Answers pdf is Out

Before you go for the WAEC SSCE exam, find ways to test yourself and to identify your weak spots so you can make sure you’re really ready. Get and study the WAEC biology questions and answers given to you below.

Generally, Getting a good grade is about getting the best overall percentage in the exams that you take. Exam points are usually the hardest to get, so make sure you get all the easy — or at least easier — points correctly.

These 2O23 WAEC biology questions and answers are also divided into two sections (A & B). where A is usually objectives with possibly 60 questions while B is always made up of 6 to 7 essay questions.

Below are WAEC biology Past questions and answers 

1. A cell is a functional unit of living organisms due to

A. multicellular organisms are made up of cells
B. all cells in a multicellular organism function as a single cell
C. the function of a multicellular organism is the sum total of the functions of its constituent cells
D. the function of a single cell is superior to that of the multicellular organism
E. the cells of a multicelullar organism are similar in structure

ANSWER: A ( multicellular organisms are made up of cells )

2The organelle that eliminates water from the body of protozoa is

A. plasma membrane
B. contractile vacuole
C. cell wall
D. protoplasm
E. nucleus

ANSWER: B ( contractile vacuole )

Practice Likely Biology Expo/Runs 2024 Questions for WAEC SSCE

1.Which of the following statement is NOT true of symbiosis?

A) Symbionts must be living
B) It is an association of ‘give and take’
C) The association may involve two plants
D) Association between two similar species
E) Symbionts derive mutual benefit

2.A person whose blood can be donated to all other people, must have the blood group

A) O
C) B
D) A
E) none of the abov

3.If Benedict’s solution gives a positive result in a food test, the food contains

A) sugar
B) protein
C) oil
D) fat
E) cellulose

4.A surprising fact about sickle cell disease is that it

A) affects only black people
B) kills the patient
C) is hereditary
D) affects blood cells
E) weakens the patient

5.Nitrification means
A) conversion of nitrates to nitrogen
B) fixing nitrogen into plants
C) conversion of nitrates to nitrites
D) changing of ammonia to nitrities, then nitrates
E) nitrogen cycle

6.Which of the following statements is NOT true of menstruation?
A) It occurs monthly
B) The discharge contains amniotic fluid
C) Its signifies no conception
D) It involves the lining of uterus
E) It may cause pains

7.The tissue which connects a muscle to a bone is a
A) cartiligae
B) muscle fibre
C) tendon
D) ligament
E) connecting fibre

8.A fruit formed from a single flower having several free carpels is
A) a multiple fruit
B) a dry dehiscent fruit
C) a dry indehiscent fruit
D) a simple fruit
E) an aggregate fruit

9.If the anthers of a flower mature before the stigma, the condition is termed
A) epigyny
B) hypogyny
C) protogyny
D) protandry
E) perigyny

1O. An instrument used in measuring the speed of wind is

A) a barometer
B) a wind gauge
C) a wind vane
D) an anemometer
E) a hydrometer

11. Spirogyra reproduces vegetatively by
A) spore production
B) fragmentation
C) multiple fission
D) budding
E) binary fission

12. Which of the following instruments is used to demonstrate the response of roots and shoots to gravity?
A) Klinostat
B) Manometer
C) Porometer
D) Potometer
E) Photometer

13. Milk protein is hydrolyzed by
A) renin
B) amylase
C) lipase
D) lactase
E) pepsin

14. The rate of transpiration of a leafy shoot would be highest under
A) damp, cold, still air
B) damp, warm, moving air
C) dry, warm, moving air
D) dry, cold, moving air
E) dry, warm, still air

15.What is name of the respiratory organ of the crab?
A) Tubules
B) Trachaea
C) Spiracles
D) Lungs
E) Gills

16.The two types of human tapeworm can be distinguished by the presence or absence of
A) scolex
B) hook
C) head
D) sucker
E) proglottis

17. All the following are digestive enzymes except
A) bile
B) lipase
C) maltase
D) pepsin
E) ptyalin

18.In a bakery, yeast is added to flour to make bread rise. This is possible because yeast produces
A) alcohol
B) oxygen
C) carbon dioxide
D) energy
E) ethanol

19.Accommodation of the human eye is best described as the
A) ability to see distant objects
B) movement of upper and lower eyelids
C) focusing of near and distant objects
D) changing of lens shape due to varying light intensities
E) constant adjustment of the iris

2O. Normally any character shown by an organism is due to the effects of

A) hormones and chromosomes
B) chromosomes
C) mutation
D) hormones and genes
E) genes and environment

Which of the following animals is cold blooded?
A) Cat
B) Lizard
C) Whale
D) Bird
E) Horse

What is the genetic ratio of a cross between homozygous tall plant and a homozygous dwarf plant?
A) 0 tall : 4 short
B) 3 tall : 1 short
C) 2 short : 2 tall
D) 1 tall : 1 short
E) 4 tall : 0 short

Where is the food stored in yam plant?
A) stem
B) Bud
C) Adventitous root
D) Leaves
E) Tap root

Which of the following is the dental formula of man?
A) i(2/2) c(0/1) pm(2/2) m(3/3)
B) i(2/2) c(1/1) pm(2/0) m(3/3)
C) i(2/2) c(1/1) pm(2/2) m(3/3)
D) i(2/2) c(1/1) pm(3/3) m(2/2)
E) i(2/2) c(1/1) pm(2/3) m(3/3)

The kind of teeth used for tearing food materials is the
A) fang
B) canine
C) premolar
D) carnassial
E) incisor
Which of the following insects has an incomplete metamorphosis during its life circle?
A) Butterfly
B) Bee
C) Mosquito
D) House-fly
E) Grasshopper

The mushroom is an organism which feeds
A) parasitically
B) saprophytically
C) holozoically
D) symbiotically
E) autotrophically

What is the function of the contractile vacuole in paramecium?
A) Produces enzymes
B) Gets rid of excreta
C) Stores and digest food
D) Gets rid of excess water
E) Controls movement

Choose the sequence which represents the correct order of organisms in a food chain.
A) Grass, snake, toad, grasshopper, hawk
B) Grass, grasshopper, toad, snake, hawk
C) Grass, grasshopper, snake, toad, hawk
D) Grass, snake, grasshopper, toad, hawk
E) Grass, toad, snake, grasshopper, hawk

3O. Which of the following is NOT a function of the liver?

A) Regulation of blood sugar
B) Storage of iron
C) Formation of bile
D) Breakdown of excess amino acids
E) Excretion of urea from the blood

If a baby is a female, her mother’s ovum must have been fertilized by a sperm carry the chromosome
A) X
E) Y

Leguminous plants, e.g Mucana, are usually planted in cultivated farmlands because they
A) enrich the soil with phoshates
B) provide animals with food
C) enrich the soil with organic nitrogen
D) protect the soil from being over-heated
E) protect the micro organisms in the soil

During thunderstorms the energy of lightning discharge causes
A) oxygen and nitrogen to combine
B) more carbon dioxide to be formed
C) nitrites to be converted to nitrates
D) nitrates to be converted to nitrogen
E) death

A few grams of dried soil were first heated until red hot and then further heated until no more smoke was released. This experiment was to determine
A) amount of water in soil
B) percentage of water in soil
C) presence of humus in soil
D) resistance of laterities to heat
E) release of smoke from the soil

Oxygen from the atmosphere reaches the mammalian blood stream through one of the path indicated below. Indicate the correct path, a = mouth, b = trachea, c = bronchiole, d = nostril, e = bronchus, f = alveoli


A) a → b → e → f → d
B) b → d → f → e → c
C) d → b → e → c → f
D) b → a → f → e → c
E) f → e → c → d → c
Below are some group of diseases. Which group of diseases is caused by bacteria?
A) Tuberculosis, smallpox
B) Gonorrhoea, measles
C) Tuberculosis, polio
D) Sleeping sickness, measles
E) Syphilis, gonorrhoea
A mosquito which produces eggs which float, and whose larvae lie horizontal to the water surface, also rests at the angle on a vertical surface. This type of mosquito is
A) Aedes
B) Anopheles
C) Culex
D) Tiger mosquito
E) none of the above
The amount of water loss from a leaf can be detected using
A) lime-water
B) red litmus paper
C) blue litmus paper
D) blue cobalt chloride paper
E) pink cobalt chloride paper
In animals, cilia, flagella, pseudopodia and chaetae, can be used for
A) reproduction
B) fighting
C) attachment to plants
D) locomotion
E) locating sensation

4O. Which of the following is NOT true of wind-pollinated flowers?

A) A large amount of pollen produced
B) Light smooth pollen grains
C) Small inconspicuous flowers
D) Scented petals
E) Large pendulous anther

Today’s biology WAEC objectives questions and answers loading…


WAEC Biology Essay 2024 Questions And Answers PDF

Below are Sample Past Essay Questions:

Section B [Essay] : Answer any FOUR questions in this section.

Write your answers on the answer booklet provided.

  1. (a) Describe briefly the role of the stomach in digestion.

(b) (i) Name three parts of plants in which food can be stored

(ii) Give one example in each case.

(c) Explain briefly how the level of sugar in the mammalian blood can

be regulated.

  1. (a)(i) What is sexual reproduction?

(ii) Name four organs in mammals that produce sex hormones.

(iii) Name one sex hormone produced by each of the organs named in


(b) In a tabular form outline three differences between reproductions in

lizards and birds.

(c) (i) How are identical twins forms in humans?

(ii) State three characteristics features of identical twins.

  1. (a) Explain the following terms:

(i) disease;

(ii) symptoms of diseases

(b) (i) List two physical and two chemical barriers that prevent

pathogens from penetrating the body of an organism.

(ii) Explain how vaccination protects the body from contracting

infectious diseases.

(c) Distinguish between an antibody and an antigen.

(d) Name the causative agents of: (i) Malaria; (ii) Cholera; (iii) AIDS.

  1. (i) What is respiration?

(ii) In a tabular form, state four differences between gaseous exchange

and aerobic respiration

(b) (i) Explain the term residual air.

(ii) What is the importance of residual air to mammals?

(iii) State four characteristic features associated with respiratory


(c) (i) What is oxygen debt?

(ii) Outline three activities that can result in oxygen debt.

  1. (a) (i) What is conservation?

(ii) State six factors responsible for the decline of the abundance and

variety of wildlife.

(b) Outline six ways in which the government can improve the situation

in 5(a) (ii) above.

(c) (i) What is Eutrophication?

(ii) State two causes of eutrophication.

  1. (a) What is photosynthesis?

List: (i) four external factors;

(ii) two internal factors; that affect the rate of photosynthesis.

(b) (i) List the major products of the light dependent stage of


(ii) State the importance of each of the products listed in 6(c) (i)


(c) (i) Explain why there are no green plants at the lower depths of

some lakes.

(ii) State why decomposers are important to flowering plants.

  1. (a) (i) What is a gene?

(ii) Differentiate between the terms genotype and phenotype.

(b) Explain the following terms: (i) hybrid; (ii) pure breeding; (iii)


(c) In garden pea seeds, smooth seed coat is dominant over rough

seed coat.

With the aid of a genetic diagram, determine the result expected if a

homozygous rough pea is crossed with a smooth seed coat plant

whose parent were rough coated. .

  1. (a) (i) Describe epigeal germination of a seed.

(ii) In a tabular form, state three differences between epigeal

germination and hypogeal germination.

(b) (i) What is seed dormancy?

(ii) State three ways by which dormancy in seeds can be broken.

(c) State six advantages of using contraceptives in human populations.

Today’s Biology WAEC Theory questions and answers loading…

Our 2024 waec biology questions and answers was sourced from the right place and there is an alignment with the waec questions and answers on Biology and that’s why we can say that the questions for this year’s WAEC biology exams is drawn from the previous year’s questions.

Like you have seen, the waec biology questions and answers is not very difficult as expected by many candidates who have been studying day in and day out.

So please, Study and master the above 2O22 WAEC Biology Questions and Answers and do well to master them. Check below to get past questions to other subjects.

21 Comments on “WAEC Biology Questions and Answers 2024/2025 (Expo/Runs) Objectives/Essay PDF Download”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *